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October - December 2008 lime 91 CARIBBEAN QUIZ ANSWERS 1. The Puerto Rico trench, located on the fringe of the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, just to the north of Puerto Rico. 2. St Martin/ St Maarten. It's dual owners, France and the Netherlands, have shared the island for almost 350 years. 3. Grenada. 4. The Barbados House of Assembly was formed in 1639. 5. Jamaica. 6. Cuba 7. Pico Duarte, in the Dominican Republic. 8. The Serpent's Mouth. 9. Montserrat. 10. Barbados 11. Grenada. 12. Barbados. 13 Kaieteur Falls. 14. Curacao. The United Congregation Mikve Israel- Emanuel was founded in 1651 by Sephardic Jews who fled the Spanish Inquisition level, and what is the peak's name? ' The Dog's Mouth' is the channel at the northern end of the Gulf of Paria, which separates Trinidad from Venezuela. The channel at the southern end of the Gulf is called what? Which Caribbean country is the only one in the world outside Ireland where St Patrick's Day is a public holiday? Which was the only foreign land George Washington ever visited? Which Caribbean country is one of the world's two leading producers of nutmeg? The spice was introduced into the island from the East Indies in the 19th century. What is the name of the waterfall in Guyana that is five times the drop of Niagara Falls? Guyana's waterfalls are thought to be the inspiration for Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's The Lost World. Which country has the oldest working synagogue in the western hemisphere? Bird's eye view. You might have seen this island when approaching for landing. But which LIAT destination is it? 8 9 12 13 14 10 11 planetobserver/ science photo library

92 lime October - December 2008 LIMEkids Under the sea It's easy for us landlubbing humans to forget what a watery world we live in. More than two- thirds of the Earth's surface is covered by water, and even now we know surprisingly little about what goes on down there beneath the waves. Not so surprising, really, when you think about how much water there is and how deep it goes – more than half the world's oceans are over 3km deep. What we do know, however, is that the world's oceans play a vital role in the health of the planet. They support a vast array of marine life which provides us not only with food, but with a wide range of other products as well. Marine organisms also play a vital role in the world's oxygen cycle, keeping the atmosphere breathable and helping to regulate the planet's climate. It's a fragile balance, however, as shown by a whole range of environmental problems which currently threaten our oceans, such as rapidly- dwindling fishing stocks and the destruction of coral reefs worldwide. Underwater wonders The sea is home to some of the earth's biggest and smallest living things, from microscopic plankton measuring just 0.02 micrometers ( that's 0.000002mm) to enormous whales, which can sometimes grow over 30m long. It's also where you'll find some of the loveliest, deadliest and downright weirdest creatures on the planet, ranging from well- known favourites like seahorses and starfish to seriously strange fish, including some which look like rocks, snakes, balloons and even bits of seaweed, Here are six of our favourites. 1 Porcupine fish - Looking like an angry football when threatened, porcupine fish can fill their bodies with water and swell up like a spiky balloon, making them too big for a predator to swallow. 2 Stonefish - One of the ugliest and most dangerous fish in the sea. It looks like a stone, but whatever you do don't tread on one, since there's enough poison in its spiky spines to kill an adult. 3 Weedy sea dragon - These weird- looking creatures live in the waters around Australia and look like a cross between a sea horse and a piece of seaweed. 4 Whale shark - The world's largest fish ( it's a shark, not a whale), reaching up to 12m in length. 5 Giant squid - Little is known about these giant but enigmatic creatures, which live way down in the depths of the sea and have inspired innumerable legends. The largest are thought to grow to lengths of up to 20m. 6 Coelacanth - The famous " dinosaur fish". Coelacanth fossils date back 360 million years, but the species was thought to have become extinct around 70 million years ago until one was caught off the coast of South Africa in 1938. 2008 has been declared International Year of the Reef Visit ww. iyor. org for more information Get your diving suits on as we take a look at the wonderful underwater world 1 2 3 4 5 6