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3telephone: 0845 330 8579 (local call rate, UK only)international telephone: +44 1453 844 400www.mountainkingdoms.comAbout Mountain KingdomsMountain Kingdoms leadersAn experienced leader accompanies every one of our holidays. The leader's role is to liaise between the party members and their support crew, and to ensure you enjoy your holiday to the full. Our leaders come from a wide variety of backgrounds but each is chosen for the individual skills and abilities they can bring to the smooth operation of your holiday.Leaders may be Local Leaders or Mountain Kingdoms Appointed Leaders: Exploring in the company of a local is one of the best ways to really discover the culture, heritage and everyday life of a new destination. Many of our trips will therefore be led by an English speaking Local Leader, selected and trained to deliver the best possible holiday experience. On well travelled trails in Bhutan, India and Nepal you're likely to be led by a Sirdar or Sherpa guide, such as KC Bhuwan, winner of the 'Wanderlust' Paul Morrison Guide Award, or Phura Dorjee Sherpa an Everest summiteer. In other parts of the world your Local Leader may be a qualified naturalist, a professional mountaineer or a cultural expert.On the longer more demanding treks into very remote regions, or in destinations with limited tourist infrastructure, you will be led by a Mountain Kingdoms Appointed Leader. These western leaders usually work alongside a local guide and often have particular expertise in the region through which you will travel. For instance, prolific trekking guide author Kev Reynolds, or Michael Rutland who has spent many years in Bhutan. On our Trekking Peak expeditions your leader will be a highly experienced mountaineer. All our leaders carry a first aid kit. Please look at the information box for your specific holiday to see whether you will have a Local Leader or a Mountain Kingdoms Appointed Leader. Who travels with us?Here are some statistics based on 2010 holiday bookings. Profiles do vary by trip. Age Sex0-19 years 2% Male 54%20-29 years 4% Female 46%30-39 years 9% 40-49 years 14%50-59 years 32% Travelling status60-69 years 34% Single 37%Over 70 years 5% With companion(s) 63%Upgrades, extensions & Tailor Made holidaysOur brochure offers a wide range of holidays which we hope will inspire you. However a number of our clients ask us to organise their own Tailor Made itinerary, perhaps based on one of our brochure trips, or maybe designed from scratch. We also offer hotel upgrades, and a range of holiday extension ideas from a luxury Tanzanian safari to a cruise around the Galapagos islands. Please see page 6 for more ideas. 'Land Only' price3 A local or Mountain Kingdoms Appointed Leader - as specified in the information box for each holiday 3 All internal flights3 International airport transfers. Group joining points are detailed in our holiday itineraries3 All other transfers as per your itinerary 3 Good standard hotel accommodation (usually 3/4 star) in main cities, on a bed and breakfast basis 3 Best available hotels in outlying towns, usually on a full board basis 3 All road transport by private vehicles 3 All camping facilities and all meals whilst on trek Our price includes 3 On all holidays involving overnight trekking (with the exception of a few days on the Milford Track and the Definitive Walker's Haute Route) your kit bag will be transported for you, leaving you to carry just your day sack. Porters will be insured 3 Camp staff to carry out all camp work 3 Sightseeing where specified 3 A free Mountain Kingdoms kit bag, designed to withstand the rigours of adventure travel Additionally our 'Flight Inclusive' price includes 3 Economy class return air fares from the UK, and UK Departure Tax 3 Carbon emissions offset through TICOS (see page 7)Prices do not include7 Travel insurance (see page 74) 7 Visa fees (included for Bhutan) 7 Lunch and evening meals in major cities 7 Overseas airport departure taxes 7 Locally paid bar bills and laundry 7 Optional trips 7 Tips Supplements and surchargesWe do not impose local payments or separate charges for meal packages, porters or domestic flights. We do, however, reserve the right to supplement/surcharge, for example in the case of dramatic currency rate movements or for large increases in airfares. We do this only in extreme cases. Gokyo, Nepal, Frank Lea

4Download holiday itineraries fromwww.mountainkingdoms.come: info@mountainkingdoms.comChoosing your holiday Trekking HolidaysMountain Kingdoms offers four styles of holiday: Treks, Trekking Peaks, Cultural Tours and Family Adventures, and on these pages we explain a little more about each one. There are also various tools available to help you to choose your perfect Mountain Kingdoms holiday:The Mountain Kingdoms Team email or call us on 0845 330 8579 and one of our friendly team will be happy to help you with your holiday plans. Day-by-day holiday itineraries - for every holiday we provide a detailed itinerary which introduces you to the region, describes daily activity on the trip and has trip notes to help you find out more about the holiday. Download the itineraries quickly and easily from our website - - or give us a call to request a particular itinerary by post or email. 2011 Holiday Programme - this table can be found in the centre of this brochure and summarises all our holidays, with price, destination, grade, duration and departure month. Private Departures - you will find Private Departure prices, based on a minimum of two people sharing, for a number of holidays in this brochure. We also offer a full Tailor Made service. See page 6 for - use the "Search for a Holiday" box on our home page, which instantly narrows your choice by either country destination, month in which you want to travel, or by specific trek name. Also view photo journeys, read our virtual brochure and download holiday itineraries. Holiday information boxes - we feel strongly that our clients should be able to see clearly what the holiday arrangements are: accommodation, trip leader, style/grade, number of trekking/walking days, minimum numbers to get the trip up and running and any festivals attended. Therefore, Our small group adventure walking holidays range from easy treks in the lower foothills right through to long distance hikes into very remote regions. Typically, our trekking holidays involve 5-8 hours walking a day, including a lunch stop somewhere on the trail. A common misconception is that if you are a slower walker you may hold people back - not so! During the day, group members often 'string out' and there will usually be an hour or two between the first to arrive and the last. You walk at your own pace and stop when you feel like it. Members of the trekking 'crew' will be at the front and rear ensuring no-one gets lost. There are jungle treks where you will meet colourful hill tribes, classic circuits of some of the world's highest peaks, pilgrim trails to holy mountains, base camp treks and spectacular routes across glaciers. For those seeking a gentler trekking experience we have plenty of trips which offer a mix of day walks and sightseeing. Trekking Peaks Essentially, our trekking peaks allow you to climb to your chosen summit and back in a day from Base Camp/High Camp. The highest is Mera Peak, 6,476m/21,246ft. The routes we use are chosen for their objective safety and sometimes involve easy angled snow slopes, straightforward ridges and occasionally minor scrambling. On some trips you may use crampons and an ice axe, ropes will be used for glacier travel, and you may camp on snow. On all these expeditions we have carefully designed interesting treks to provide proper acclimatisation. For the higher, more remote peaks, we will provide a satellite phone and Gamow bag. These treks are open to fit, determined walkers who have previously undertaken Strenuous treks; previous mountaineering experience is an advantage but not essential, with the exception of Island Peak. Please contact our Operations Manager, Niki Morgan, if you have any queries about your suitability; we will review your experience before accepting you onto one of these trips. Family AdventuresAs a company we were one of the first to pioneer family adventure holidays in the Himalaya some eleven years ago. Since then we have developed gentle treks where young children can be carried by porters or riding pony and special precautions are taken regarding hygiene. Walking is combined with other exciting adventures; camping, game viewing, rafting, local homestays and sightseeing. The aim is for these holidays to offer an exciting mix of experiences for your children to remember and talk about for years to come. They give mind broadening, even humbling, encounters with local village children, and no doubt you will make lifelong friends with your travelling companions - both large and small! See pages 72 & 73 for more detail.There is nothing better than celebrating with the locals and many of our holidays, from Bhutan to Tibet, include time spent at a colourful festival. If you fancy joining the singing and dancing for a day or two look out for holidays marked FESTIVAL. Details can also be found in our holiday itineraries and online. Festivals Cultural Tours Our adventurous cultural tours are not 'tourist trap' experiences. We have set out to provide hotels and lodges of comfort and character, expert leaders, and itineraries to get you under the skin of the exciting, remote countries in which we are specialists. Holidays may include any of the following:visiting local villages, exploring temples, game viewing and birdwatching, festivals, mountain flights, city tours, gentle walks and dramatic journeys by road, rail, or river. You will experience unique customs, deeply rooted religions and open hearted people, and many are in places where mass tourism has not yet arrived.Improved Definitive Cultural Tour of Bhutan 14/15 Bhutan 12Black-Necked Crane Festival Tour 11 Bhutan 12Cultural Highlights of Bhutan & Tibet 16/17 Bhutan 13&21First Class Tour of Bhutan 13 Bhutan 13New Definitive Cultural Tour of Tibet 16 Tibet 20First Class Tour of Nepal 14 Nepal 26New Nagaland - India's Northeast Frontier 16 N India 41New First Class Tour of Rajasthan 16 N India 42Improved Quest to Ladakh - a Himalayan Journey 16 Ladakh 43Improved Silk Road to Samarkand 15 C. Asia 47New The Indo-China Experience 21 Laos/ Cambodia 50Improved Cultural Highlights of Cambodia 16 Cambodia 51Cultural Highlights of Japan 16 Japan 53New Peruvian Explorer 16 Peru 58 Tour name Duration Lon-Lon Country PageParo Festival, Andi HarrisonChoosing your cultural tourOur selection of definitive cultural tours each holiday in this brochure, and on our website, has an information box that gives you a complete picture. Holiday films - for some of our holidays we have DVDs available to loan from the office. Look out for these in the Holiday Information boxes.