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A fter some sightseeing in Lima we visit the Ballestas Islands, often known as the 'little Galapagos'. We fly over the enigmatic Nazca lines and continue to the beautiful old colonial city of Arequipa, the 'White City' - situated at 2,600m/8,530ft and a good place to start acclimatising to the altitude of the high Andes. We travel on to the stunning Colca Canyon, one of the deepest and most spectacular in the world and a top spot for seeing Andean condors. Then it's off to Puno, for a boat ride out to the islands on Lake Titicaca, before taking one of the world's classic rail journeys to reach Cuzco. From here we explore the fabulous Inca sites of Cuzco and the Sacred Valley before visiting that most iconic Inca site of all, Machu Picchu, a fitting finale to this delightful trip. Extend your holiday with a visit to the Amazon rainforest where monkeys, macaws, caiman and giant otters can all be seen. Full details can be found in the holiday itinerary, available on our website or call the office on 0845 330 8579.O ur excellent acclimatisation programme and additional morning at Machu Picchu ensure the very best possible experience on this world famous trek. Before we start our trek we'll visit Moray and take a warm up walk in the Sacred Valley from the Salinas salt pans. On trek we'll follow the centuries old trail through magnificent mountain scenery enjoying sensational views, crossing several high passes and trekking through forest, bright with orchids and butterflies and alive with bird song. We also visit several impressive ruins along the way and experience the growing atmosphere of anticipation and excitement at our overnight camps as we draw closer to our goal. Finally, with a real sense of achievement, we pass through the famous Sun Gate, entrance to one of the most iconic and impressive views on the planet. Permit warning - you need an Inca Trail permit for this trip. These can sell out many months in advance so please book early.Private departures We can also offer this trip as a private holiday for a minimum of two people sharing for £1,275 per person, Land Only. International flights available from £900.Peruvian Explorer This tour offers an exciting introduction to some of Peru's most stunning scenery and fascinating cultural icons. Classic Inca Trail Follow in the footsteps of the Incas to the ultimate trekking objective - Machu Picchu.Cuzco, Ilona EliasGuaranteed to run for a minimum of 3 clients£1,095£2,395Land OnlyFlight IncludedWed 18 May - Sat 28 May 11Wed 27 Jul - Sat 06 Aug 11Wed 14 Sep - Sat 24 Sep 11On Trek: 4 days Local LeaderAccommodation (nts): Hotels: 3 Camping: 3 Hacienda/Family Inn: 2Optional: Single Room £225Insurance: £95Trek | Duration: 11 DaysGrade: Moderate/VigorousLocal LeaderAccommodation (nts): Hotels: 12 Eco Lodges: 2Optional: Single Room £375Insurance: £77Cultural Tour | Duration: 16 DaysOther Cultural Tours - see pages 12, 13, 20, 26, 41, 42, 43, 47, 50, 51 & 53 £2,095£3,395Land OnlyFlight IncludedSat 06 Aug - Sun 21 Aug 11Sat 17 Sep - Sun 02 Oct 11Guaranteed to run for a minimum of 3 clientsFor detailed itineraries see www.mountainkingdoms.comFor detailed itineraries see www.mountainkingdoms.comPeru & Machu Picchu South America58Download holiday itineraries fromwww.mountainkingdoms.come: info@mountainkingdoms.com

59telephone: 0845 330 8579 (local call rate, UK only)international telephone: +44 1453 844 400www.mountainkingdoms.comSouth America PeruW e begin our trip with four nights in the Sacred Valley, enjoying some wonderful walks, visiting fascinating Inca sites such as Pumamarca and Ollantaytambo, and acclimatising to the rarefied mountain air. Our trek follows an old Inca trail; the traditional route down the gorge of the Urubamba River, as travelled by Hiram Bingham the 'discoverer' of Machu Picchu in 1911. We only climb to join the classic Inca Trail on the last day of trekking. Here we pass the beautiful Inca ruins at Wiñay Wayna ('forever young') before arriving at the Inti Punku (the 'Gate of the Sun') for our first amazing views of Machu Picchu, exactly 100 years to the day from the great explorer's first visit. After time wandering the extensive ruins, we return to Cuzco with additional time to enjoy this most charming of Andean cities before our return home.Permit warning - you need an Inca Trail permit for this trip. These can sell out many months in advance so please book early.O ur ultimate objective is the magical Inca site of Choquequirao, where a visit today is considered to offer the same experience as that of visiting Machu Picchu in 1911. Many routes to Choquequirao start with a gruelling ascent but we avoid this by starting from Vitcos, the old capital of the Incas in exile. Firstly though we visit the Sacred Valley and take the train to explore magnificent Machu Picchu. With benefit of our acclimatisation we now begin our trek through the Cordillera Vilcabamba, a region of towering snow capped peaks, high mountain passes and hot tropical valleys. The Condor City of Choquequirao is located high on a ridge at almost 2,950m/9,680ft and our two nights camping on the terraces of nearby ruins here, is a fitting climax to a truly exceptional trip. T he Huayhuash (pronounced why-wash) is a compact range of mountains, which includes Yerupaja, Peru's second highest mountain. The dramatic, fluted ice peaks which dominate the range have drawn trekkers and mountaineers for years - including Joe Simpson on his ill-fated climbing expedition made famous through "Touching the Void." Leaving the summits to the climbers, we'll enjoy our own challenging high altitude adventure, crossing many passes, often over 4,700m/15,500ft, to make the complete circuit. However, with careful acclimatisation around Huaraz before we start and rest days along the way, we'll be able to fully enjoy the spectacular wild and beautiful landscape of towering peaks, deep glacial valleys and sparkling blue trout filled lakes. We may see huge condors cruise the thermals, while llamas and vicuña graze on open hillsides. Extend your holiday - with a four day trip to Machu Picchu. Please contact us for more details.Hiram Bingham 100th Anniversary Trek A superb trip taking a lower altitude trek to reach the 'Lost City of the Incas.' Choquequirao, City of Condors Trek through the remote Vilcabamba region, from Machu Picchu to its 'Sacred Sister'.Cordillera Huayhuash Circuit A magnificent remote mountain circuit - one of the world's most stunning treks. £1,595£1,645£2,895£1,775£2,955£2,695Land OnlyLand OnlyFlight IncludedLand OnlyFlight IncludedFlight IncludedSat 16 Jul - Thu 28 Jul 11Wed 01 Jun - Fri 17 Jun 11Wed 07 Sep - Fri 23 Sep 11On Trek: 4 daysSat 09 Jul - Sun 31 Jul 11Local LeaderAccommodation (nts): Hotels: 3 Hacienda: 4 Camping: 3Optional: Single Room £225Insurance: £95On Trek: 11 days Local LeaderAccommodation (nts): Hotel: 1 Camping: 9 Hacienda/Family Inn: 4Optional: Single Room £115 Single Tent £100Insurance: £95On Trek: 16 days Local LeaderAccommodation (nts): Hotels: 6 Camping: 15Optional: Single Room £225 Single Tent: £90Insurance: £99Trek | Duration: 13 DaysTrek | Duration: 17 DaysTrek | Duration: 23 DaysGuaranteed to run for a minimum of 3 clientsGuaranteed to run for a minimum of 6 clientsGuaranteed to run for a minimum of 4 clientsGrade: Moderate Grade: Vigorous/StrenuousGrade: StrenuousMachu Picchu, Mario Verin For detailed itineraries see www.mountainkingdoms.comFor detailed itineraries see www.mountainkingdoms.comFor detailed itineraries see www.mountainkingdoms.com