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5telephone: 0845 330 8579 (local call rate, UK only)international telephone: +44 1453 844 400www.mountainkingdoms.comSleeping bag On some of our classic treks we provide good quality feather down sleeping bags and liners at no extra charge. Satellite phones For some of our remotest treks a satellite phone will be carried by the trek leader, strictly for use in medical emergency situations only. Ice axe and crampons This denotes that elementary use of ice axe and crampons for crossing glaciers or easy snow slopes will be necessary. You may also be required to carry a climbing harness where a safety rope may be used. Rucksack On a couple of treks, for some of the time, you will need to carry a change of clothes, toiletries and a packed lunch, besides the usual contents of your day sack. We recommend you restrict this to no more than 10kg. Full details of what you will be expected to carry, and for how many days, are detailed in the holiday itinerary and trek dossier.Trekking Peak see page 4Our trek gradesMountain Kingdoms trekking holidays have something to offer everyone, from casual walkers to keen long distance explorers. In 2010 there was an even split between the number of clients taking Gentle, Moderate/Vigorous and Strenuous graded treks, proving that there is definitely a Mountain Kingdoms trek for everyone! In mountainous regions, with their ups, downs and zig-zag paths, it is more appropriate to think in terms of hours spent walking, than miles covered. Times are given in our detailed holiday itineraries - downloadable from our website. All treks are based on a relaxed walking pace and a one hour stop for lunch. The grades below are our own definitions and should not be interpreted in a literal sense. Please do call us for advice. Gentle: Typically anything from 3 to 7 walking days and usually 4 to 6 hours walking per day. Low altitude trails, however paths are not all flat and walks may involve a reasonable amount of ascent and descent. Most utilise hotels and comfortable lodges; some involve elements of camping. Only light daypacks are carried. Suitable for anyone who enjoys long weekend walks in the British hills. Varied and fun. Moderate: Typically 5 to 10 days trekking. More remote country and the occasional 6 or 7 hour day. Crossing easy mountain tops. Relatively low altitude treks of no more than 4,300m/ 14,000ft. Suitable for keen hill-walkers. Vigorous: Typically 8 to 14 days trekking. Up to 7 days consecutive walking through wild country, including high passes (sometimes snow covered) between 3,660m/12,000ft and 4,900m/16,000ft and may possibly also involve some of the following: glacier travel; easy peaks; sometimes a 7 or 8-hour day; considerable ascents and descents. Suitable for the fit enthusiast. Strenuous: Typically anything from 10-30 days trekking. Challenging long-distance treks for the fit enthusiast. Occasionally more than 7 days consecutive walking, but all treks have rest days interspersed. All treks cross at least one pass of over 4,900m/16,000ft. Often very rarely visited areas. No harder than our Vigorous grade, but more of it! Expedition Grade: These all involve long, hard days and may include some camping above the snow line. Ice axe, crampons and safety ropes may be used. Not technically difficult but a considerable challenge. Previous strenuous trekking experience essential. Some high altitudes. Look out for the following symbols! Strenuous (Expedition Grade) Island Peak, 6,189m/20,305ft 19 Nepal 34 Mera Peak, 6,476m/21,246ft 17 Nepal 34 Mont Blanc Summit, 4,810m/15,781ft 7 The Alps 70 Stok Kangri, 6,121m/20,082ft, & Markha Valley 13 Ladakh 44Improved Dhaulagiri Circuit 12 Nepal 37 Strenuous The Complete Lunana Snowman Trek 28 Bhutan 19The Zanskar Dream Trek 22 Ladakh 44 Summits of Kilimanjaro, 5,892m/19,443ft & Meru 11 Tanzania 65 New Kilimanjaro Ascent, 5,892m/19,443ft 8 Tanzania 65New Mountains of Lunana 17 Bhutan 19The Pioneers' Trail to Everest Base Camp 23 Nepal 33Snow Leopard Trek, Upper Dolpo 21 Nepal 38Three High Passes to Everest 18 Nepal 33The Hidden Kingdom Trek 17 Bhutan 19Improved Everest Base Camp & Gokyo Lakes 17 Nepal 30Improved Manaslu Circuit 18 Nepal 37Annapurna Circuit 19 Nepal 27Kangchenjunga North & South Base Camps 23 Nepal 37The Kawa Karpo Pilgrimage 15 Tibet 22Mount Kailash & the Saga Dawa Festival 12 Tibet 22Mount Kailash & the Kingdom of Guge 11 Tibet 22The Cordillera Huayhuash Circuit 16 Peru 59Cordillera Real Traverse, Bolivia 15 Bolivia 60Everest's Kangshung Face & the Rongbuk Glacier 11 Tibet 23Improved The Everest Base Camp Trek 14 Nepal 30Complete Simien Mountains Trek 12 Ethiopia 66 Vigorous / Strenuous Kangchenjunga, Goecha La & Singalila Ridge 14 Sikkim 41Improved Langtang & the Laurebina La 15 Nepal 36Mount Chomolhari Base Camp Trek 10 Bhutan 18Mini Annapurna Circuit 12 Nepal 27Choquequirao, City of Condors 11 Peru 59Tour du Mont Blanc 11 The Alps 70 Vigorous Trail to Tibet - North Face of Everest 10 Tibet 23Annapurna Sanctuary 12 Nepal 27Kashgar to K2 Base Camp Trek 13 Central Asia 47The Source of the Ganges, Garhwal 10 N India 42Cotopaxi & Chimborazo - Trekking in the Avenue of the Volcanoes 8 Ecuador 60Improved Markha Valley Trek 8 Ladakh 43Everest Trails to Ama Dablam 12 Nepal 32 Berber Trails to Mount Toubkal, 4,167m/13,750ft 9 Morocco 69 New Mount Toubkal Ascent - 4,167m/13,750ft 6 Morocco 69 Improved The Mount Fansipan Adventure, 3,143m/10,308ft 5 Vietnam 52New Mustang to Muktinath 13 Nepal 36 Moderate / Vigorous New Limi Valley with Tashi Tenzing 16 Nepal 38New The Definitive Walker's Haute Route 11 The Alps 70New The Brokpas of Eastern Bhutan 12 Bhutan 17The Luxury Lodges of Everest 10 Nepal 32Secret Valleys & Sacred Mountains of Dagala 8 Bhutan 18The Chorten Path 9 Bhutan 16The Celestial Mountains Trek 11 Central Asia 47Torres Del Paine Circuit 9 Patagonia 62Improved Luxury Lodges to Machu Picchu 6 Peru 57Classic Inca Trail 4 Peru 58Family Adventure Peru 7 Family 72 Moderate Improved Yosemite & the John Muir Trail 9 USA 55The Imperial Pilgrimage Route 7 Japan 53Complete Patagonia - Paine & Fitzroy 8 Patagonia 62New Lost World Trek, Venezuela 6 Venezuela 61Bedouin Paths to Petra & Wadi Rum 7 Jordan 64Egypt & the Summits of Sinai 6 Egypt 64Mountains & Deserts of Arabia - Trekking in Oman 5 Oman 64New Druk Path Trek 5 Bhutan 16Treasure Discoverer's Trek - The Nabji Trail 6 Bhutan 17Singalila Ridge Top Walk 6 Sikkim 41The Mekong & Minorities Eco Trek 9 Laos 50The Great Wall of China Trek 6 China 48Hiram Bingham 100th Anniversary Trek 4 Peru 59Historical Ethiopia & the Simien Mountains 3 Ethiopia 66Hidden Village Trek, Langtang 6 Nepal 36Rara Lake & Far West Nepal 10 Nepal 38New A Winter Walk in Morocco 5 Morocco 68 Gentle / Moderate Grand Canyon Trek 13 USA 55Gentle Trekking Ecuador 10 Ecuador 60Improved Milford Track & Abel Tasman 9 New Zealand 71Gentle Trekking Tibet 5 Tibet 21New Yellowstone Back Country & the Tetons 8 USA 55Improved Gentle Trekking & Luxury Lodges, Annapurna Foothills 7 Nepal 26Tiger Leaping Gorge & Hidden China Trek 6 China 48Hill Tribe Trekking in Vietnam 5 Vietnam 52New The Cardamom Mountains Trek 7 Cambodia 51New Best of South Island 6 New Zealand 71The Bhutan Festival Trek 4 Bhutan 15 Gentle Gentle Trekking, Luxury Lodges, Argentina 8 Patagonia 62Gentle Trekking, Lodges & Hotels in Bhutan 8 Bhutan 14Gentle Trekking Northwest Thailand 5 Thailand 52Gentle Trekking Kandyan Kingdoms 7 Sri Lanka 45Old Trails of Japan 7 Japan 53Gentle Trekking, Indian Hill Stations & the Golden Temple 7 N India 42Family Adventure Indian Himalaya 4 Family 73Family Adventure Annapurna, Nepal 4 Family 73Gentle Trekking Laos 5 Laos 50Gentle Trekking, Spice Trails of Kerala, India 6 S India 45Improved Guilin & the Tribes of Southwest China 4 China 48Family Adventure Bhutan 5 Family 73Gentle Trekking, Riads & Kasbahs 7 Morocco 68New Travels in Sikkim & Bhutan 3 Bhutan 15 & 40New Tea Gardens of Sikkim & Darjeeling 7 Sikkim 40New Family Adventure Morocco 3 Family 72 (inc.rests) Country Page (inc.rests) Country PageAbout Mountain KingdomsChoosing your trek by grade (treks are listed by relative difficulty within each grade)No. of trek daysNo. of trek days

6Download holiday itineraries fromwww.mountainkingdoms.come: info@mountainkingdoms.comTailor Made holidays, Private Departures and trip extensions Why not consider a personalised holiday created especially for you by one of our well travelled Tailor Made experts? We offer:? Personal care from a named Operations Manager? Free B&B night in the Cotswolds to discuss ideas? Generous loyalty discount for past clients? Over 23 years of worldwide trek and tour experience? Competitive pricing to suit your budgetWe can organise Tailor Made holidays for individuals, groups of friends, families, honeymooners, charities, schools, clubs and societies; in short, anyone who prefers to fix their own dates and, with our help, plan their own itinerary. Tailor Made holidays can be created from scratch or based on one of our brochure trips with variations in dates or itinerary to suit you. Costs will depend on the standard of hotels and airlines chosen but are not necessarily much higher than for an equivalent brochure departure and can be tailored to suit a specified budget. A selection of extension ideas can be found on our Adventure Holiday pages at Alternatively call us on 0845 330 8579.If you would like to upgrade your international flight, please contact our Flights Manager, Malcolm Rutter. Nepal: Royal Chitwan or Bardia National Park safaris; Seti river rafting; spectacular Everest flight Bhutan: Upgrade to a stylish hotel India: Taj Mahal and Agra; the Palace on Wheels train; Kaziranga National Park safari; upgrade to a luxury hotel China: Terracotta Warriors, Xi'an Ecuador: Galapagos Islands cruise Chile: Easter IslandPeru: Lake Titicaca Venezuela: Los Roques beaches; Los Llanos Wildlife Reserve Tanzania: Safaris and Zanzibar Egypt: Red Sea diving; Valley of the Kings New Zealand: South Island extensionTravelling as just a couple or with a group of friends doesn't have to be a lot more expensive than joining one of our group holidays. Throughout this brochure you will find prices for 2011 Private Departures which can be taken at any time throughout the year. Prices are per person, 'Land Only' and based on a minimum of two people sharing. There is also a 'Flights from' price to give you an idea of how much it might cost to book a flight through Mountain Kingdoms. Please note that flight prices can vary considerably by season.We offer Private Departures for the following holidays:All the young people who have travelled with Mountain Kingdoms have returned with a huge enthusiasm for the outdoors. Discovery Expeditions awaken curiosity about other cultures, improve individual self-esteem, generate new friendships and, above all, expedition members arrive home with a new found passion for the world in which they live. We understand just how busy today's teachers and youth leaders are, and aim to minimise the time, stress and effort required in organising a trip. We also support them in managing the responsibility associated with leading a group of young people on adventurous activities overseas. A host of state, private and grammar schools have trekked with us over the years in addition to a number of Scout and Air Cadet groups. Recent groups include Chipping Sodbury Scouts, Bryanston School, Worcestershire Girl Guides, Great Sankey High School, Torpoint School and Poltair Community School. If you would like to know more about Discovery Expeditions, or discuss a particular itinerary, please email: or call us on: 01453 844 400 or 0845 330 8579 (local call rate, UK only) Discovery Expeditions for Schools, Colleges & Youth GroupsOver the past 23 years we have organised adventurous trips for schools and youth groups to a variety of destinations. This experience forms the basis of our Discovery Expeditions, aimed at 15-25 year olds, with a range of exciting treks and tours across the world's major mountain ranges. Chipping Sodbury Scouts, Simon KilburnPrivate DeparturesOne of the best ways to organise your own Tailor Made itinerary is to come and talk to us in person. To help you plan your perfect tailored holiday, we are offering to host you for one night, with bed and breakfast accommodation, near our Cotswold offices in Wotton-under-Edge, Gloucestershire. We will then arrange for you to meet a member of our team with whom you can talk through trek options, pore over books and maps and perhaps view some images of your proposed destination. Please note that this offer is applicable for one or two people sharing, on a single weeknight only. You may however wish to extend your stay at your own cost to explore the Cotswolds.Stay for free in a Cotswold B&BIf you are interested in a Tailor Made holiday please email us at or give us a call on 0845 330 8579 with your ideal dates and holiday ideas, and we'll help you plan your perfect holiday. Trip Extensions, Hotel and Flight UpgradesMr & Mrs Stallion, BhutanFirst Class Tour of Bhutan Bhutan 13Gentle Trekking, Lodges & Hotels, Bhutan Bhutan 14First Class Tour of Nepal Nepal 26Everest Base Camp Nepal 30First Class Tour of Rajasthan India 42Markha Valley Trek India 43Cultural Highlights of Cambodia Cambodia 51Mount Fansipan Adventure 3,143m/10,308ft Vietnam 52Classic Inca Trail Peru 58Kilimanjaro Ascent 5,892m/19,443ft Tanzania 65A Winter Walk in Morocco Morocco 68Mount Toubkal Ascent 4,167/13,750ft Morocco 69Milford Track & Abel Tasman New Zealand 71 Holiday name Country Page