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Travel Namibia 19 NWR Hot stuff Chilli mixed withth elephant dung is being burnt in Caprivi in an unusual attempt to stop elephants straying close to farmland and villages. Dr Conrad Brain, environmental consultant to Wilderness Safaris, said: " We take wet season elephant dung – wet season because the dung is not as fibrous as dry season dung – and mix it with crushed dried chillis. We then take that mixture, wet it and press it into a brick shape and sun- dry it. Into this block we press a wine cork that we have soaked in Jet A1 fuel. " This brick can then be placed upwind from elephants and ignited. The brick smoulders away and produces a smoke that elephants can't handle. This can be used to protect lands and villages from elephant herds." Onkoshi opens W ildlife shimmering in the mirages of Etosha pan is one of Africa's iconic sights. Now, for the first time, you can wake up to those views. Onkoshi Camp in Etosha National Park is the latest upmarket lodge to be built by Namibia Wildlife Resorts. Nestled next to the rim of the pan on a secluded peninsula, Onkoshi Camp is a low- impact, environmentally- friendly establishment with fifteen rooms. The lodge's publicity promises " superb vistas over the Etosha pan, with its dramatic sunsets and sunrises; sense of isolation and space; clear night skies; and the sights, smells and sounds of untamed and unadulterated Africa". If you can drag yourself away from all that, there are guided walks of the pan and the surrounding plains, including moonlight trips. range between 200 and 3000 square kilometres. Coastal brown hyenas, which feast on seal pups, have much smaller home ranges than those living inland. The collared spotted hyena forages within a vast 3900 square kilometres in the northeastern part of the Sperrgebiet. The data from GPS collars can detect changes in hyena behaviour in areas where land is being developed. Dr Wiesel has found that hyenas usually avoid land that has been recently disturbed ( such as for mining), although some areas seem to have become an attraction to hyenas, particularly water near sewerage systems. Recently, data from the GPS collars made it possible to exclude hyenas as the culprits when livestock was killed on farms bordering the national parks. n For more information go to www. predatorconservation. com Namibia's Skeletontonton Coastoastoastoast Park has a small and isolated population of lions that has adapted to life in the harsh habitat of gravel plains and basalt mountains. Occasionally these ' desert lions' are shot or poisoned by local people because they believe they have killed cattle and donkeys. Recently The Kunene Lion Project has helped local communities organise controlled ecotourism, in particular photographic safaris. The hope is that occasional livestock losses will be better tolerated if the lions are bringing in an alternative income. The project leader, Dr Flip Stander, carried out research between the Hoaruseb and Hunkap Rivers and found three prides living around ephemeral river systems. Some of the lions were fitted with radio collars and their movements tracked and analysed from the air. On the ground this information was used to increase the likelihood of seeing the lions – they were spotted on nearly seventy per cent of research trips. By providing more information to tourist operators, the Kunene Lion Project hopes to increase the success rate of finding and approaching desert lions during game drives and thereby increase their popularity. Conservancies are setting up a ' lion fund' which will manage all income derived from lion- related tourism and compensate the relevant conservancy members when livestock losses occur. n For more information go to www. wildernesstrust. com Skeleton Coast lions Yes... those are springbok droppings w ildernessss safaris F uture tourist attraction: Kunene lions

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