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False Zambia’s choice of attractions can seem overwhelming to the prospective visitor. How do you organise them: by big game adventure or bird- watching bonanza, by stunning location or fascinating culture, by adrenalin surge or blissful relaxation? Travel Zambia tried an alphabetical approach. Vakacha Around Zambia · know your National Parks · safari news · travel latest · a helping hand Around Zambia A– Z 46 Travel Zambia May 2008 F I J K M O P U VW OWLS The mechanical chirp of a scops, the whistled crescendo of a pearl- spotted, the low grunting of a giant eagle: these are the voices of Zambia’s owls, the quintessential sounds of a night in the African bush. MOPANE WORM This fat, succulent caterpllar is the larva of the emperor moth Imbrasia belina. In regions where the mopane tree predominates it forms a staple ingredient of traditional dishes. NYIKA PLATEAU This rugged upland on the border with Malawi is a botanist’s paradise, festooned during the rains with over 200 different species of orchid. Look out for roan antelope, and rare birds such as the elusive blue swallow. LUANGWA VALLEY Lush woodlands and fertile grazing support a pageant of game, making this valley one of the world’s greatest wildlife destinations. With some of Africa’s top lodges and guides, a special safari experience is guaranteed. AFRICA HOUSE In the last decades of the British Empire ??????????? the Edwardian Stewart Gore- Brown built this????????????????????????????? ??????????????????? sprawling country estate in the middle of the African bush, naming it Shiwa Ng’andu after a local lake. BANGWEULU WETLANDS Zambia’s answer to the Okavango Delta, where huge herds of lechwe splash through the shallows and the elusive shoebill lurks on hidden islands. COPPER Mined in the Copperbelt and exported all over the world, this malleable metal has been integral to the story of modern Zambia. DUNG BEETLE Watch the astonishing strength of this tank- like insect as it rolls away balls of dung thirty times its own weight. Without it, the African bush would be drowning in the brown stuff. ELEPHANTS Whether swimming across the Zambezi or trooping through the dusty woodlands of the Luangwa Valley, these immense animals define the landscape wherever they wander. Just remember: jumbos have right of way. FISH EAGLE Zambia’s national bird is emblematic of the great rivers of Africa. You needn’t be a twitcher to enjoy its evocative call and spectacular dive. GIRAFFE Zambia has its own unique race of the world’s tallest animal: Thornicroft’s giraffe ??????????? , distinguished by its pattern of leaf- shaped spots, is found only in the Luangwa Valley. HIPPOPOTAMUS Aquatic slumberer or nocturnal nomad? Cheerful grin or toothy menace? The hippo is surely Africa’s biggest, fattest paradox – and Zambia’s rivers are heaving with them. IMPALA ‘ Oh, it’s just another impala,’ comes the disappointed refrain. But look closer at this abundant antelope, whose elegance, athleticism and versatility make it one of Africa’s most impressive animals. JACANA A bird that can walk on water? Not quite, perhaps. But watch its progress across a raft of floating vegetation and you, too, might think it has divine powers. KU- OMBOKA This colourful festival celebrates the annual ‘ moving home’ of the Lozi people from the flooded Zambezi floodplain eastwards onto higher ground. When the fleet reaches its destination, the feasting and celebrations begin. ROBIN POPE SAFARISBUSHCAMPS COMPANYZNTB MIKE UNWIN ZNTBZNTB Liuwa Plain NP Sioma Ngwezi NP West Lunga NP Kafue NP Mwinilunga Solwezi Limulunga Mongu Kaoma Livingstone Kazungula Victoria Falls Zambezi River Kafue River

False Nkani Vakacha 0100200 miles 0100200300 km N TZ May 2008 Travel Zambia 47 A B C D E G H L N Q R S T X Y Z TIGER FISHING There is no greater contest for the angler than pitting his or her wits against the world’s greatest freshwater fighting fish on the limpid waters of the Zambezi. UNTAMED Untamed, unspoilt, unadulterated – however you choose to describe it, Zambia offers genuine wilderness and an authentic taste of nature in the raw. VICTORIA FALLS Long before Scottish explorer David Livingstone named Zambia’s most famous natural phenomenon, locals knew it as Mosi oa Tunya: ‘ the smoke that thunders’. Whatever you call it, this awe- inspiring spectacle remains one of the seven wonders of the natural world, with a cloud of spray visible for 50km. WHITE- WATER RAFTING If watching the falls isn’t enough, you could pitch yourself downstream in an inflatable boat through some of the world’s most challenging rapids. ‘ Stairway to Heaven’, ‘ Washing Machine’, ‘ Oblivion’ and the rest guarantee an exhilarating ride. Prepare for a drenching. XPERT GUIDES Want to know which plants to clean your teeth with, how to distinguish a tawny eagle from a steppe eagle and why not to run from a charging lion? Just take a walk with a Zambian game guide – the best in Africa. YELLOW- BELLIED SUNBIRD Not forgetting blue- billed firefinch, violet- eared waxbill, golden- breasted bunting, red- chested cuckoo, emerald-spotted dove... A reminder of the living kaleidoscope that is Zambia’s birdlife. ZAMBEZI Africa’s fourth largest river rises in the remote woodland of Zambia’s far northwest and winds south and east, carrying the nation’s waters to the Indian Ocean. Paddle your canoe along the Lower Zambezi, beneath the rugged backdrop of the escarpment, for one of Africa’s greatest wilderness experiences. ROCK ART The walls of Zambia’s caves are adorned with the art of the Late Stone Age. The Kasama area alone has over 700 ancient paintings, whose geometric imagery defies modern interpretation. SAUSAGE TREE Kigelia africana casts its deep umbrella shade over riverbanks across Zambia. Its blood-red, bat- pollinated flowers produce the huge pendulous ‘ sausage’ fruit that can weigh over 10kg. Never camp underneath one. PORCUPINE This prickly customer is Africa’s largest rodent and its sharp quills are a lethal defence against any would- be assailant. Look out on night drives for a spiky bush scuttling away from the spotlight. QUELEA The red- billed quelea, a small weaver, is the most numerous bird in the world. Flocks can number millions. Watch their spectacular roost gatherings at dusk. MIKE UNWIN ZNTBBUSHCAMPS COMPANYZNTBCHONGWE RIVER CAMP Lower Zambezi NP Kasanka NP South Luangwa NP North Luangwa NP Luambe NP Sumbu NP Lusenga NP Lukusuzi NP Blue Lagoon NP Lochinvar NP LUSAKA Kitwe Ndola Chipata Isoka Kasama Mpulungu Chirundu Kapiri Mposhi Mkushi Mfuwe Mpika L. Tanganyika L. Bangweulu L. Mweru L. MweruWantipa L. Kariba Zambezi River Luangwa River